Features of integrated optical modulators that are important for their use in analog link applications are summarized. The Mach-Zehnder interferometric modulator fabricated on a lithium niobate substrate is treated in detail.
Gary E. Betts,
Leonard M. Johnson,
Charles H. Cox,
"Optical modulators for analog link applications", Proc. SPIE 1794, Integrated Optical Circuits II, (6 April 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.141903; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.141903