16 April 1993 In-situ spectral ellipsometry for real-time thickness measurement and control
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Proceedings Volume 1803, Advanced Techniques for Integrated Circuit Processing II; (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.142925
Event: Microelectronic Processing '92, 1992, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
A polarization modulated spectroscopic ellipsometer (SE) is used in situ to measure the thicknesses of films in real time during processing. These thicknesses are used for adaptive control during single-wafer processing. Using the speed of phase modulation, multichannel detection, and digital signal processing techniques, this ellipsometer is capable of acquiring spectra in less than 75 ms. Efficient algorithms were developed for determining layer parameters (thicknesses and composition) from the measured spectra of multilayer film stacks in one second or less. The measured thicknesses and etch rates are used to anticipate interfaces in multiple layer stacks and control process end points. A repeatability gauge study was performed using this in situ SE and a commercial single-wavelength ellipsometer (SWE) on thermally grown silicon dioxide on silicon wafers. Data was obtained on each instrument over an oxide thickness range from 60 to 250 angstroms. The total repeatability for the in situ SE measurements was 0.26 angstroms (1.6 angstroms 6-sigma) over this thickness range.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Steven A. Henck, Steven A. Henck, Walter M. Duncan, Walter M. Duncan, Lee M. Loewenstein, Lee M. Loewenstein, John Kuehne, John Kuehne, } "In-situ spectral ellipsometry for real-time thickness measurement and control", Proc. SPIE 1803, Advanced Techniques for Integrated Circuit Processing II, (16 April 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.142925; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.142925
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