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21 May 1993 Thermally induced stresses and electromigration failure
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Attempts to improve the reliability of narrow passivated Al/Cu conductors as defined by the performance in an accelerated electromigration test are reviewed. The results are explained in terms of the effect of thermally induced stress and stress voiding on electromigration lifetime. Other processing variations which produced small or inconsequential changes are also discussed. In addition, it was observed that electromigration performance in samples susceptible to stress voiding was degraded as a function of storage time at room temperature.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Larisa Kisselgof, S. P. Baranowski, Mike C. Broomfield, T. Spooner, L. Elliott, L. Brooke, and James R. Lloyd "Thermally induced stresses and electromigration failure", Proc. SPIE 1805, Submicrometer Metallization: Challenges, Opportunities, and Limitations, (21 May 1993);

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