1 November 1992 Implementing associative memories on nonideal analog systems
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Proceedings Volume 1826, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XI: Biological, Neural Net, and 3D Methods; (1992) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.131589
Event: Applications in Optical Science and Engineering, 1992, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
We consider the implementation of high capacity Ho-Kashyap (HK) associative processors (APs) on non-ideal optical and analog VLSI systems. Processor non-idealities considered include quantization, non-uniform beam illumination, and nonlinear device characteristics. New training-out techniques to overcome these non-idealities are advanced. We obtain optimal performance in the presence of stochastic noise by proper selection of the processor parameter (sigma) syn. We derive important results that allow us to a priori determine the optimal value of (sigma) syn and the expected recall accuracy P'c without having to simulate the specific processor. We present a new algorithm that allows us to achieve storage near the theoretical maximum capacity (2 N, where N is the dimensionality of the input vector) with excellent recall accuracy. Optical laboratory results are included. We achieved storage of 1.5 N with recall accuracy P'c >= 95% with input noise of standard deviation (sigma) 1 equals 0.02 present and with optical analog components with 5 bit input accuracy and 8 bit memory matrix accuracy. With higher accuracy analog VLSI components (10 bit input accuracy and 11 bit weight accuracy), we achieve storage of 1.75 N with P'c equals 96.43%.
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Leonard Neiberg, Leonard Neiberg, David P. Casasent, David P. Casasent, } "Implementing associative memories on nonideal analog systems", Proc. SPIE 1826, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XI: Biological, Neural Net, and 3D Methods, (1 November 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.131589; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.131589
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