17 June 1993 Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of a femtosecond laser pulse
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Proceedings Volume 1861, Ultrafast Pulse Generation and Spectroscopy; (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.147045
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
We report and demonstrate a new technique to measure the full intensity and phase of a single femtosecond laser pulse. The technique, which we call 'frequency resolved optical gating' (FROG), is inexpensive, easy to implement, and provides an output that graphically displays the instantaneous frequency vs. time of the pulse. Using almost any instantaneous nonlinear- optical interaction of two replicas of the ultrashort pulse to be measured, FROG involves measuring the spectrum of the signal pulse as a function of delay between the two replicas. The resulting trace of intensity vs. frequency and delay yields an intuitive display of the pulse, similar to the pulse spectrogram. We show that the problem of inverting the FROG trace to obtain the pulse intensity and phase is a two-dimensional phase-retrieval problem. As a result, the FROG trace yields, in principle, an essentially unique pulse intensity and phase. In this work, we show that this is the case in practice, also. In addition, we present an iterative- Fourier-transform algorithm for inverting the FROG trace.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Daniel J. Kane and Rick P. Trebino "Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of a femtosecond laser pulse", Proc. SPIE 1861, Ultrafast Pulse Generation and Spectroscopy, (17 June 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147045; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.147045

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