24 May 1993 High-energy Nd:YAG laser ignition of coals
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Proceedings Volume 1862, Laser Applications in Combustion and Combustion Diagnostics; (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.145703
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
One of the main purposes of the present study is to explore the use of laser radiation to initiate and support combustion of coals. Within this context, some experiments were conducted to study the interaction of the Nd-Yag laser radiation with four different coals. Laser intensities ranging from 0.5 X 103 to 1.5 X 104 W/cm2 at 1.064 micrometers wavelength and the pulse duration of 5 ms were used. For laser intensities less than 800 W/cm2, no ignition was observed for all coals. For laser intensities above this value, two ignition mechanisms were observed: the surface ignition followed by the gas phase ignition when Wyoming subbituminous, Indian lignite and North Dakota lignite coals were used. For the same range of the laser intensities, however, only the gas phase ignition was observed when Pittsburgh bituminous coal was used. It was also noted that a significant amount of the external laser radiations were absorbed by the pyrolysis products during the early stages of the ignition period.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Phuoc Xuan Tran, Phuoc Xuan Tran, Mahendra P. Mathur, Mahendra P. Mathur, James M. Ekmann, James M. Ekmann, } "High-energy Nd:YAG laser ignition of coals", Proc. SPIE 1862, Laser Applications in Combustion and Combustion Diagnostics, (24 May 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.145703; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.145703
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