6 June 1993 Experimental investigation of homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation condensation processes and products in COIL
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Proceedings Volume 1871, Intense Laser Beams and Applications; (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.145221
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
This paper describes the preliminary results of an ongoing study to characterize the nature and sources of sub-micron aerosols in the Phillips Laboratory small scale supersonic COIL device. Heterogeneously nucleated aerosols from both sub- and supersonic flow regimes were sampled and characterized using the University of Missouri-Rolla, Mobile Aerosol Sampling System (MASS). Under all operating conditions where the oxygen generator discs were rotating, significant concentrations of aerosols were detected. Typically these aerosols had peak dry diameters of < 0.05 micrometers and nascent wet diameters of < 0.08 micrometers . Their total number density increased with increasing rotating disc velocity and with the addition of chlorine. A maximum number density of < 3000/cc was observed at maximum chloride flow rates when the initial generator mixture had been heavily depleted (i.e. neutralized with chlorine). The chemical compositions of these aerosols were found to be exclusively solution droplets of KOH and KCl. The critical supersaturation spectra for a KOH, KCl, I2 have been measured and compared to theoretical calculations thus permitting growth calculations based on laser operating conditions. Experiments to simulate, in a pure gas phase supersonic nozzle facility, cavity pressure increases indicative of homogeneous nucleation of aerosols were successful. Experiments to directly detect the presence of homogeneously nucleated aerosol under these clean simulation conditions are planned for the next phase of this program.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Philip Douglas Whitefield, Donald E. Hagen, M. Trueblood, M. Barnett, Charles A. Helms, "Experimental investigation of homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation condensation processes and products in COIL", Proc. SPIE 1871, Intense Laser Beams and Applications, (6 June 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.145221; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.145221
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