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8 July 1993 Numerical simulation of high-power microwave pulse propagation through the atmosphere
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Proceedings Volume 1872, Intense Microwave Pulses; (1993)
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
A set of self-consistent equations are used to study the nonlinear interaction of high power microwave pulse with the atmosphere in this paper. Both long and short pulses are investigated in our research. Electrons are treated as a fluid and their effects on the passing microwave pulse are determined by means of the simultaneous solution of Maxwell's equations and the electron fluid equations. Our one-dimensional fluid-model calculation shows that when the field strength of high power microwave pulse is above the threshold for air breakdown, large portions of the initial energy are absorbed by the electrons in the plasma region which are created by the avalanche process. Nevertheless, a significant amount of energy is still able to propagate very long distance. The amount of energy transmitted through the air to the targets depends very strongly on the initial energy of the pulse, its frequency, shape and length as well. In addition, we also calculate the electron density, conductivity and the characteristic frequency of plasma.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ting-Bin Zhang, Hongyan Chen, Yusheng Chen, and Ruyu Fan "Numerical simulation of high-power microwave pulse propagation through the atmosphere", Proc. SPIE 1872, Intense Microwave Pulses, (8 July 1993);

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