15 July 1993 Extrinsic germanium blocked-impurity-band detector arrays
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Proceedings Volume 1874, Infrared and Millimeter-Wave Engineering; (1993); doi: 10.1117/12.148068
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
The progress of a program to develop Ge:Ga blocked-impurity-band (BIB) detector arrays for far-infrared space astronomy is reviewed. So far, the best devices, working in the 80 - 200 micrometers range, have responsive quantum efficiency better than 15%, detective quantum efficiency 10%, dark current 100 electrons s-1, and response uniformity better than a few percent. Structures with both bulk absorbers and epitaxial absorbing layers have been studied, as well as a variety of surface passivation. Front-illuminated arrays as large as 6 X 6, with 0.5 mm pixels, have been fabricated. Present performance conforms very well to the standard model of BIB detector operation. Further improvements in quantum efficiency and dark current, and larger formats, are anticipated, and the devices may play an important role in several upcoming far-infrared astronomical experiments.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dan M. Watson, "Extrinsic germanium blocked-impurity-band detector arrays", Proc. SPIE 1874, Infrared and Millimeter-Wave Engineering, (15 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.148068; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.148068
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KEYWORDS
Sensors

Quantum efficiency

Infrared radiation

Germanium

Photoresistors

Astronomy

Detector arrays

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