24 June 1993 Optoelectronic vision
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 1877, Ophthalmic Technologies III; (1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147555
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Abstract
Scientists have searched every discipline to find effective methods of treating blindness, such as using aids based on conversion of the optical image, to auditory or tactile stimuli. However, the limited performance of such equipment and difficulties in training patients have seriously hampered practical applications. A great edification has been given by the discovery of Foerster (1929) and Krause & Schum (1931), who found that the electrical stimulation of the visual cortex evokes the perception of a small spot of light called `phosphene' in both blind and sighted subjects. According to this principle, it is possible to invite artificial vision by using stimulation with electrodes placed on the vision neural system, thereby developing a prosthesis for the blind that might be of value in reading and mobility. In fact, a number of investigators have already exploited this phenomena to produce a functional visual prosthesis, bringing about great advances in this area.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Chunye Ren, Jean-Marie A. Parel, "Optoelectronic vision", Proc. SPIE 1877, Ophthalmic Technologies III, (24 June 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147555; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.147555
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KEYWORDS
Electrodes

Visualization

Eye

Silicon

Nerve

Retina

Brain

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