7 July 1993 Measurement of cavity collapse time by probe technique on water, agar, and vascular tissue during Ho:YAG laser contact ablation
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Proceedings Volume 1882, Laser-Tissue Interaction IV; (1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147680
Event: OE/LASE'93: Optics, Electro-Optics, and Laser Applications in Scienceand Engineering, 1993, Los Angeles, CA, United States
In order to measure the dynamics of the ablation cavity which is generated in front of the fiber tip during Ho:YAG laser ablation in water containing material, we studied a fiber-optic laser probe method. The He-Ne laser beam as a probe laser simultaneously delivered through a silica glass fiber with the Ho:YAG laser beam as an ablation laser. The backscattering light of the probe laser from the fiber tip surroundings was measured at the laser input end of the fiber. We used water and agar as the water containing material. The measured backscattering light might be mainly taken place by the debris scattering in the ablation cavity. The transient intensity change of the measured backscattering light was predicted to offer useful information about the growth and extinction of the ablation cavity. From the experiment, the e-holding decay time of the backscattering probe light waveform indicated good agreement with calculated cavity collapse time in water using the Rayleigh equation. We also found that this e- holding decay time consisted with the theoretical cavity collapse time, which could be obtained by the viscoelastic model of agar. Therefore, we concluded that the e-holding decay time of the backscattering light waveform revealed the cavity collapse time of the ablation cavity, which is influenced by the material viscosity. We measured the e-holding decay time of vascular samples. Each tissue had individual e-holding decay time which might be explainable by the tissue viscosity.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Miya Ishihara, Akio Nakajima, Tsunenori Arai, Makoto Kikuchi, H. Kannari, Minoru Obara, "Measurement of cavity collapse time by probe technique on water, agar, and vascular tissue during Ho:YAG laser contact ablation", Proc. SPIE 1882, Laser-Tissue Interaction IV, (7 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147680; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.147680

Laser ablation

Fiber lasers


Laser tissue interaction

Laser beam diagnostics


Laser scattering

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