27 August 1993 Electroluminescence from multilayer conjugated polymer devices--spatial control of exciton formation and emission
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Abstract
We have constructed electroluminescent diodes using several layers of conjugated polymers with differing energy gaps; these provide a range of different color light-emitting layers and can be used to control charge injection and transport. Poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene), PPV, and derivatives have been used, with indium tin oxide as hole-injecting electrode and calcium as electron-injecting electrode. For this selection of materials, we show that the sequence of the polymer layers allows control of the color of device emission. Emission from more than one layer can be produced simultaneously. The position and breadth of the light-emitting region of the device provides information about the mechanisms of charge transport and of exciton motion. Various models for multilayer emission are discussed in the paper.
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Neil C. Greenham, Neil C. Greenham, Adam R. Brown, Adam R. Brown, Jeremy H. Burroughes, Jeremy H. Burroughes, Donal D. C. Bradley, Donal D. C. Bradley, Richard H. Friend, Richard H. Friend, Paul L. Burn, Paul L. Burn, Arno Kraft, Arno Kraft, Andrew B. Holmes, Andrew B. Holmes, } "Electroluminescence from multilayer conjugated polymer devices--spatial control of exciton formation and emission", Proc. SPIE 1910, Electroluminescent Materials, Devices, and Large-Screen Displays, (27 August 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.151138; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.151138
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