8 September 1993 Bending and torsion models of beams with induced-strain actuators
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This paper develops one-dimensional pure bending, coupled bending and extension, and combined bending, extension and torsion models of isotropic beams with induced strain actuation. A finite thickness adhesive layer between the crystal and beam is included to incorporate shear lag effects. Experimental tests evaluate the accuracy and limitations of the models. The bending and coupled bending and extension models show acceptable correlation with static test results whereas the combined extension, bending, torsion model poorly predicts the system behavior and needs refinement.
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Chris Park, Chris Park, Curtis Walz, Curtis Walz, Inderjit Chopra, Inderjit Chopra, } "Bending and torsion models of beams with induced-strain actuators", Proc. SPIE 1917, Smart Structures and Materials 1993: Smart Structures and Intelligent Systems, (8 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.152759; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.152759

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