26 July 1993 The geometric phase in optics: observations at the classical and quantum limits
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Proceedings Volume 1983, 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology; 19835T (1993) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2308628
Event: 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, 1993, Budapest, Hungary
Abstract
The wave function of a quantum system may acquire an additional phase factor (the geometric phase), when its parameters undergo a cyclic change. An optical manifestation of the geometric phase is the change in the phase of a light wave produced when its state of polarization is taken around a circuit on the Poincare sphere. This phase change can be verified by interferometric measurements. We describe an interferometer in which the two beams traverse the same path in opposite directions, so that their optical paths are always equal, and the phase difference between them is varied by operating on the geometric phase. Measurements made with this interferometer, at a light level at which the probability of more than one photon being present simultaneously in the interferometer was negligibly small, confirmed that the interference effects observed due to the geometric phase persist down to the single photon level.
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P. Hariharan, P. Hariharan, } "The geometric phase in optics: observations at the classical and quantum limits", Proc. SPIE 1983, 16th Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Optics as a Key to High Technology, 19835T (26 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.2308628; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2308628
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