15 December 1993 Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: the next generation
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Abstract
This paper reviews our recent progress in the design, fabrication, and performance of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) devices and arrays. High power (> 11 mW cw), high speed (10 GHz), high temperature (> 130 degree(s)C) and low voltage (< 2 V) and low threshold current operation are demonstrated. A monolithic spatial filtering technique is implemented for transverse mode control resulting in exceptional optical characteristics. Novel high power 2D coherently-coupled VCSEL arrays emitting over 1 W are discussed. One and two-dimensional individually- and matrix-addressable arrays are demonstrated.
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Robert A. Morgan, Robert A. Morgan, } "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: the next generation", Proc. SPIE 1992, Miniature and Micro-Optics and Micromechanics, (15 December 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.165708; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.165708
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