19 November 1993 Development of EXITE2: a large-area imaging phoswich detector/telescope for hard x-ray astronomy
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Abstract
We review design considerations and present preliminary details of the performance of a new imaging system for hard X-ray astronomy in the 20 - 600 keV energy range. The detector is a 40 cm X 40 cm NaI(Tl)/CsI(Na) phoswich module, read out by a 7 X 7 array of square PMTs. The detector comprises the main part of the next generation Energetic X-ray Imaging Telescope Experiment (EXITE2), which had its first flight on 13 June 1993 from Palestine, Texas. Imaging is accomplished via the coded-aperture mask technique. The mask consists of 16 mm square lead/tin/copper pixels arranged in a cyclically repeated 13 X 11 uniformly redundant array pattern at a focal length of 2.5 m, giving 22 arcmin resolution. The field of view, determined by the lead/brass collimator (16 mm pitch) is 4.65 degrees FWHM. We anticipate a 3 sigma sensitivity of 1 X 10-5 photons cm-2 s-1 keV-1 at 100 keV in a 104 sec balloon observation. The electronics incorporate two on-board computers, providing a future capability to record the full data stream and telemeter compressed data. The design of the current detector and electronics allows an upgrade to EXITE3, which adds a proportional counter front-end to achieve lower background and better spatial and spectral resolution below approximately 100 keV.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Raj P. Manandhar, Raj P. Manandhar, Kenneth S. K. Lum, Kenneth S. K. Lum, Stephen S. Eikenberry, Stephen S. Eikenberry, Martin Krockenberger, Martin Krockenberger, Jonathan E. Grindlay, Jonathan E. Grindlay, } "Development of EXITE2: a large-area imaging phoswich detector/telescope for hard x-ray astronomy", Proc. SPIE 2006, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, (19 November 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.162834; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.162834
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