7 July 1993 Advances in low-energy neutral-atom imaging techniques
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Abstract
Recently proposed low energy neutral atom (LENA) imaging techniques use a collisional process to convert the low energy neutrals into ions before detection. At low energies, collisional processes limit the angular resolution and conversion efficiencies of these devices. However, if the intense ultraviolet light background can be suppressed, direct LENA detection is possible. We present results from a series of experiments designed to develop a novel filtering structure based on free-standing transmission gratings. If the grating period is sufficiently small, free standing transmission gratings can be employed to substantially polarize ultraviolet (UV) light in the wavelength range 300 angstroms to 1500 angstroms. If a second grating is placed behind the first grating with its axis of polarization oriented at a right angle to the first's, a substantial attenuation of UV radiation is achievable. The neutrals will pass through the remaining open area of two gratings and be detected without UV background complications. We have obtained nominal 2000 angstroms period (1000 angstroms bars with 1000 angstroms slits) free standing, gold transmission gratings and measured their UV and atomic transmission characteristics. The geometric factor of a LENA imager based on this technology is comparable to that of other proposed LENA imagers.
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Earl E. Scime, Earl E. Scime, Herbert O. Funsten, Herbert O. Funsten, David J. McComas, David J. McComas, Kurt R. Moore, Kurt R. Moore, Michael A. Gruntman, Michael A. Gruntman, } "Advances in low-energy neutral-atom imaging techniques", Proc. SPIE 2008, Instrumentation for Magnetospheric Imagery II, (7 July 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.147645; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.147645
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