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1 October 1993 Design for the COBE far-infrared absolute spectrophotometer
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Abstract
The Far InfraRed Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) was built to measure the spectrum of diffuse emission from 1 to 100 cm-1, with particular attention to possible differences between the spectrum of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) and a blackbody spectrum as small as 0.1% of the peak of the CMBR spectrum. The FIRAS has differential inputs and outputs, a full beam external calibrator, a controllable reference blackbody, and a polarizing Michelson interferometer with bolometer detectors. It is operated at a temperature of 1.5 K inside a liquid helium cryostat to suppress instrument emission and improve detector sensitivities. It has an intrinsic frequency resolution of the order of 0.7%, maximum path lengths of 1.2 and 5.9 cm, and a beamwidth of 7 degree(s), and achieved its goals for accuracy and rms sensitivity for νIν, which are better than 10-9 W/cm2sr over the frequency range from 2 to 20 cm-1.
© (1993) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John C. Mather, Dale J. Fixsen, and Richard A. Shafer "Design for the COBE far-infrared absolute spectrophotometer", Proc. SPIE 2019, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing, (1 October 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.157823; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.157823
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