The influence of intraocular light scatter on letter identification in the absence and presence of glaring light is studied through computer simulations and simple experiments on healthy test subjects wearing diffusive glasses with known light scattering properties. An explicit expression for the point-spread function of a cataractous eye is used to calculate retinal images. For estimating resolution in the calculated images an assumed neural contrast sensitivity function is needed. The function used is derived from measurements by Campbell and Green. Experimental results are in agreement with theory. The analysis shows that visual acuity is quite insensitive even to substantial diffusive scattering provided that glare sources are not present in the field of view. Comparing measurements of `letter size' with measurements of `letter contrast' the latter method is found to measure intraocular light scattering more sensitively.