10 August 1994 Physical mechanisms of laser-induced shockwave lithotripsy with microsecond laser pulses
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Proceedings Volume 2097, Laser Applications; (1994) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.183172
Event: Laser Optics, 1993, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Physical mechanisms of ms laser lithotripsy in the visible range are discussed. Theoretical model for the case of stones which can be represented as a high-scattering low-absorption medium containing high-absorptive organic micropores is developed. The evolution of the state for such individual pore under the influence of laser radiation is described. Governing equations are derived and it was shown that there exists avalanche-like process of pore absorption increase due to the process of pyrocarbon generation. This generation is caused by the thermochemical dissociation of pore organic matter. Such effect leads to the increasing of laser pulse energy absorption and pressure front formation. This front may account for destruction of significant layer of the stone surface. Plasma can not flush under the conditions typical for described process. It starts to play a significant role only after primary stone destruction produced by proposed mechanism. Sharp increasing of stone absorption and modification of the destructed layer state may be considered as a good boost for the later effective plasma generation.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Vladimir A. Berenberg, Vladimir A. Berenberg, Il'ya B. Vitrishchak, Il'ya B. Vitrishchak, Vladimir V. Vorontsov, Vladimir V. Vorontsov, Alexander G. Murzin, Alexander G. Murzin, Sergey S. Polikarpov, Sergey S. Polikarpov, Leonid N. Soms, Leonid N. Soms, } "Physical mechanisms of laser-induced shockwave lithotripsy with microsecond laser pulses", Proc. SPIE 2097, Laser Applications, (10 August 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.183172; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.183172

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