This paper examines the issues involved in measurement of car safety and the injury criteria used. In the context of evaluation and measurement of safety a mathematical model is derived for the dynamic structural impact behaviour of cars and for the kinematics of unrestrained and restrained occupants. Comparison with the reported dynamic behaviour of cars shows a high degree of agreement. Methods of improving the safety of small cars are examined in the light of the model.
"Improving the safety of small cars", Proc. SPIE 2101, Measurement Technology and Intelligent Instruments, (22 September 1993); doi: 10.1117/12.156261; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.156261