19 July 1994 Phototherapy of Barrett's esophagus
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Abstract
Barrett's esophagus is a common premalignant disease. The aim of this study is to determine if low dose photodynamic therapy is capable of ablating Barrett's epithelium allowing regrowth of normal squamous mucosa. Methods: Patients with specialized Barrett's esophagus of at least 3 cm length were given 1.5-1.75 mg/kg of hematoporphyrin derivative intravenously. After 48 hours, esophagoscopy and videotaping of the Barrett's was performed. A 1.0-1.5 cm cylindrical diffusing fiber delivered light of 630 nm in a dose of 150-200 J/cm using a tunable dye laser at a power of 400 mW/cm. Following entry, patients were placed on omeprazole 20 mg/day for six months. Results: Twelve patients (8 men) mean age of 62 +/- 4 have had repeat endoscopy performed at 25 +/- 2 weeks following entry. The Barrett's segment length decreased from 8+/- 1 to 5+/- 1 cm after PDT (p < 0.01) with a corresponding change in the appearance and location of the squamocolumnar junction. Six (50%) of the patients had a 4 cm or more decrease in the length of their Barrett's esophagus with normal squamous mucosa on biopsy. Adverse events included transient odynophagia, minor sunburn, and transient chest pain. Conclusions: Photodynamic therapy of Barrett's esophagus can cause a regression in length of the Barrett's segment with replacement by normal squamous epithelium.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenneth K. Wang, Kumar Gutta, Mark A. Laukka, "Phototherapy of Barrett's esophagus", Proc. SPIE 2133, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy III, (19 July 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.179995; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.179995
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