Gradient indices are enjoying great interest these days. The glass rods with a continuous variation of refractive index are currently used for lens systems for compact copiers, compact audio/video disc, and are expected to be applied in the near future to the more complicated systems such as cameras, binoculars, microscopes an so on. The biggest change of the glass surface can be obtained exposing the glass for the ion exchange process. When a glass slab is put into contact with a molten salt, cations of the molten salt can exchange with ions existing at the glass surface, and then the exchanged ions will migrate into the glass with in turn may change in the structure, or new ions may be different in size in polarizability and induce strains in the glass in turn may change the index. The refractive index profile depends upon the composition of the initial glass as well as the condition of ion exchange technological process. In this work 8 types silicate glass has been investigated by optical stimulation exoemission electrons. This method is sensitive for the way of preparation of the samples. Basing on this performing investigations of the physical properties of the glass before the ion exchange we propose the recommendations concerning correlation of the composition of the initial glass and optimal technological conditions of the gradient lenses production.
St. Szarska, St. Szarska,
"Influence of optical stimulation and irradiation on glass surface", Proc. SPIE 2169, Nonconventional Optical Imaging Elements, (12 October 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.190226; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.190226