16 May 1994 Characterization of photochemical-cured acrylates with calorimetric methods
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Abstract
Radical polymerization kinetics of different kinds of diacrylates was investigated in linear polymers (binders) by using an isoperibolic calorimeter. For all experiments benzoin compounds were added as photoinitiator. The ester between acrylic acid and bisphenol-A-diglycidylether (DDGDA) and hexamethylenediacrylate were used as monomers. Both compounds have a high limiting conversion and a large polymerization rate in the binders investigated. Additionally, three kinds of termination reaction were observed: first order, second order, and primary radical termination. The last reaction was mainly found in the case of using the hexamethylenediacrylate monomer. The materials were investigated by DSC to determine the phase behavior. Both monomers form one phase with the binder (polymethylmethacrylate, PMMA). In contrast, a phase separation was observed between the crosslinked hexamethylenediacrylate and PMMA. Formations of semi- interpenetrating networks were found in the case of crosslinked DDGDA and PMMA. The glass transition temperatures were determined at different polymerization degrees also. The obtained results indicate that most of the network formation occurred in the glassy state. Fluorescence probe technique was applied to study changes in the mobility during network formation. The fluorescence probe crystal violet (CV) was used because this compound shows a strong free volume-dependent fluorescence. It was found that in the glassy state, where most of networks were formed, a large variation of the molecular mobility was observed during irradiation of the photopolymers. This result was in agreement with the observations during DSC experiments.
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Bernd Strehmel, Bernd Strehmel, Dirk Anwand, Dirk Anwand, Henrik Wetzel, Henrik Wetzel, } "Characterization of photochemical-cured acrylates with calorimetric methods", Proc. SPIE 2195, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XI, (16 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.175393; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.175393
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