13 September 1994 Design and critical technology breadboarding of a high-resolution thermal infrared radiometer (HRTIR)
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 2209, Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy; (1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185254
Event: Space Optics '94, 1994, Garmisch, Germany
Abstract
HRTIR for High Resolution Thermal Infrared Radiometer is an earth observation instrument candidate to the European Space Agency polar platform beyond Envisat 1. A preliminary design of the instrument has been performed in order to identify the most critical points and breadboard them. The instrument is a push broom concept providing an on ground spatial resolution of 50 m for a swath width of 50 km and a temperature sensitivity of 0.1 K in 3 spectral bands in the 8 to 12.5 micrometers range. A compact dioptric system has been selected for the optics and the focal plane consists of three linear arrays of 1000 HgCeTe photovoltaic elements hybridized on a CCD multiplexer and cooled down to 50 K inside a cryostat by mechanical cryocoolers. The HgCdTe IRCCD with a cut-off wavelength longer than 12.5 micrometers has been identified as the most critical technology and breadboarded. A complete detection chain with a long wavelength linear array of 222 pixels obtained by butting of three sub-arrays, a CCD multiplexer, a driving and processing electronics up to digital signal has been manufactured. The linear array is housed in a cryostat similar to the foreseen flight model but coupled to a laboratory cryogenic system. The IRCCD has been tested at unit level and the complete detection chain have been characterized in laboratory in conditions close to the flight. The test results have demonstrated the feasibility of the IRCCD at long wavelength with excellent performances. The instrument radiometric performances have been validated from the breadboard test results.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dominique Dubet, Alberto S. Menardi, Roland Meynart, Louis-Pascal Angebault, Jean-Paul Chamonal, Siegfried I. Craubner, Andrea Novi, "Design and critical technology breadboarding of a high-resolution thermal infrared radiometer (HRTIR)", Proc. SPIE 2209, Space Optics 1994: Earth Observation and Astronomy, (13 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185254; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.185254
PROCEEDINGS
12 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Sensors

Electronics

Thermography

Signal detection

Calibration

Interference (communication)

Refractor telescopes

Back to Top