A review of the major European cooperation models in the field of research and development is presented and discussed with respect to the different technical areas and corresponding funding schemes. While the German situation is described in more detail, specific examples of technology transfer in the laser R&D are highlighted.
Willy L. Bohn, Willy L. Bohn,
"Technological cooperation in Germany and the European Union", Proc. SPIE 2214, Space Instrumentation and Dual-Use Technologies, (8 June 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.177675; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.177675