2 March 1994 Neural network based facial recognition system
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Abstract
Researchers have for many years tried to develop machine recognition systems using video images of the human face as the input, with limited success. This paper presents a technique for recognizing individuals based on facial features using a novel multi-layer neural network architecture called `PWRNET'. We envision a real-time version of this technique to be used for high security applications. Two systems are proposed. One involves taking a grayscale video image and using it directly, the other involves decomposing the grayscale image into a series of binary images using the isodensity regions of the image. Isodensity regions are the areas within an image where the intensity is within a certain range. The binary image is produced by setting the pixels inside this intensity range to one, and the rest of the pixels in the image to zero. Features based on moments are subsequently extracted from these grayscale images. These features are then used for classification of the image. The classification is accomplished using an artificial neural network called `PWRNET', which produces a polynomial expression of the trained network. There is one neural network for each individual to be identified, with an output value which is either positive or negative identification. A detailed development of the design is presented, and identification for small population of individuals is presented. It is shown that the system is effective for variations in both scale and translation, which are considered to be reasonable variations for this type of facial identification.
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Paul G. Luebbers, Paul G. Luebbers, Okechukwu A. Uwechue, Okechukwu A. Uwechue, Abhijit S. Pandya, Abhijit S. Pandya, } "Neural network based facial recognition system", Proc. SPIE 2243, Applications of Artificial Neural Networks V, (2 March 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.170009; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.170009
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