3 November 1994 Development of practical attenuated phase-shifting mask
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Proceedings Volume 2254, Photomask and X-Ray Mask Technology; (1994) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.191939
Event: Photomask Japan '94, 1994, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, Japan
Abstract
A practical attenuated phase-shifting mask (att-PSM) for 0.3 micrometers contact hole patterns with KrF excimer laser lithography has been developed by means of three important module processes which are supported by the precise process latitude evaluation using the EDM (Exposure, Defocus and Mask fabrication latitude) methodology. In order to evaluate the practical and reliable process latitude, the EDM methodology has taken into account the mask linewidth as well as the exposure dose and defocus parameters. From EDM evaluations, it has been found that the background transmittance of more than 9% and the phase error control of within +/- 3 degrees are required in order to obtain 1.5 micrometers depth of focus. The PSM feasibility has been effectively enhanced by three important module processes. First, quartz substrate engraving process for shifter pattern formation with RIE. Second, for the att- PSM inspection, the mask defect printability has been studied extensively, and the feasibility of a commercial PSM defect inspection system has been verified for several types of critical defects. Finally, for shifter protrusion defect repair, the Excess Deposition repair method has been developed with a focused ion beam, where a sufficient repair width latitude of +/- 0.13 micrometers is obtained.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Akihiro Ogura, Akihiro Ogura, Hiroichi Kawahira, Hiroichi Kawahira, Minoru Sugawara, Minoru Sugawara, Keisuke Tsudaka, Keisuke Tsudaka, Takehiko Gunji, Takehiko Gunji, Satoru Nozawa, Satoru Nozawa, } "Development of practical attenuated phase-shifting mask", Proc. SPIE 2254, Photomask and X-Ray Mask Technology, (3 November 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.191939; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.191939
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