We have developed a Monte Carlo program to calculate the complete four component Stokes vector for a coupled atmosphere-ocean system which also includes Raman scattering as well as a stochastic interface. Since the input to this program requires Mueller matrices for all scattering processes as well as the interface we had to derive the correct Mueller matrices for both Raman and elastic fluctuation scattering. We were then able to calculate the radiance, degree of polarization, orientation of the polarization ellipse, and the ellipticity of the radiation field at various levels within the ocean as well as just above the ocean surface. We found that the effect of Raman scattering on the polarization of the light field within the ocean is significant and can be detected by making polarimetric measurements within the ocean.
George W. Kattawar,
"Detecting Raman scattering in the ocean by use of polarimetry", Proc. SPIE 2258, Ocean Optics XII, (26 October 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.190066; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.190066