1 May 1994 Microscopical high-speed investigations of vacuum-arc cathode spots
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Proceedings Volume 2259, XVI International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum; (1994) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.174639
Event: XVI International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum, 1994, Moscow-St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Abstract
The main parameters and dimensions of cathode spots were under discussion for years. To solve these current questions, a new system was especially designs. The image converting High Speed Framing Camera, which combines a microscopical resolution of 5 micrometers with a nanosecond time resolution and a very high optical sensitivity. This camera was used to study the microscopical behavior of vacuum arc cathode spots in a pulsed high current arc discharge on copper. The direct observation of these spots with high resolution revealed the conclusions that one single cathode spot, as normally observed by optical means consists of a number of simultaneously existing microscopical sub-spots, each of them with a diameter of about 15 micrometers and a mean distance of 30...50 micrometers between them. The mean existence time of these sub-spots on copper was found to be about 3.2 microsecond(s) , where the position of a sub-spot remains unchanged (with an upper limit of about 2...3 micrometers ) during its existence time. An upper limit of the crater surface temperature was estimated by a comparison between the brightness of a cathode spot and of a black body radiation lamp to about 3000 K.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter Siemroth, Peter Siemroth, Thomas Schuelke, Thomas Schuelke, Thomas Witke, Thomas Witke, } "Microscopical high-speed investigations of vacuum-arc cathode spots", Proc. SPIE 2259, XVI International Symposium on Discharges and Electrical Insulation in Vacuum, (1 May 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.174639; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.174639
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