14 September 1994 Silicon photodiodes with integrated thin-film filters for selective bandpasses in the extreme ultraviolet
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Abstract
Silicon photodiodes which operate satisfactorily in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) have been commercially available for the past few years. These photodiodes also inherently respond to radiation extending from the x-ray region to the near infrared, a property which is undesirable in many EUV applications. The addition of a thin film of a suitable filtering material to the surface of such a photodiode can accomplish the restriction of the sensitivity of the silicon to a much narrower band, or bands, in the EUV. This results in a rugged, yet sensitive photometer for applications in which dominant out-of-band radiation is present. Applications include plasma diagnostics, solar physics, x-ray lithography, x-ray microscopy, and materials science. Previous attempts to produce such devices have resulted in degraded shunt resistance with a corresponding increase in background noise. Prototype detectors have now been fabricated using directly deposited films of aluminum, aluminum/carbon, aluminum/carbon/scandium, silver, tin, and titanium, without degradation of the noise characteristics of the uncoated photodiodes. Measured and theoretical sensitivity data are presented, as well as a discussion of relatively simple methods to reduce the x-ray response of such filtered detectors.
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L. Randall Canfield, L. Randall Canfield, Robert E. Vest, Robert E. Vest, Thomas N. Woods, Thomas N. Woods, Raj S. Korde, Raj S. Korde, } "Silicon photodiodes with integrated thin-film filters for selective bandpasses in the extreme ultraviolet", Proc. SPIE 2282, Ultraviolet Technology V, (14 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.186628; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.186628
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