28 November 1994 Spectroscopic study of carbon nanotubes
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Abstract
We present a comprehensive experimental study of the vibrational spectra of nanotubes. There are two main lines observed in the Raman spectrum, one positioned at 1350 cm-1, the D line, and the other at 1580 cm-1, the G line. Both these lines are very similar to those seen with disordered graphite. The disorder induced D line is very weak compared to the G line which is indicative of high crystalline materials. The position and intensity of the D line strongly depends on the energy of the exciting laser. This dispersion effect was also observed for graphitic particles and may be explained by a photoselective resonance process of nanotubes with different sizes. There are two optically active modes in the Infrared spectrum for highly orientated polycrystalline graphite which are the E1u and A2u modes. The E1u mode is positioned at 1587 cm-1 while the A2u mode is positioned at 868 cm-1. The Infrared spectrum of the nanotubes shows both modes although the E1u mode is downshifted to 1575 cm-1.
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Seamus Curran, Seamus Curran, Declan N. Weldon, Declan N. Weldon, Werner J. Blau, Werner J. Blau, Henny W. Zandbergen, Henny W. Zandbergen, J. Kastner, J. Kastner, Hans Kuzmany, Hans Kuzmany, } "Spectroscopic study of carbon nanotubes", Proc. SPIE 2284, Fullerenes and Photonics, (28 November 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.196134; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.196134
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