13 October 1994 Χ(2)-active sol-gel inorganic-organic nanocomposites
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Various compositions of inorganic-organic composites (ormocers and nanocomposites) have been synthesized and used as matrices for NLO push-pull molecules. It has been shown that dielectric properties and electrical conductivity during the sol-gel transition (curing parallel to corona poling) are the most important factors for obtaining high (Chi) (2) efficiencies. With low conductivity systems, (Chi) (2) values up to 9.7 pm/v have been obtained.
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Reiner Kasemann, Reiner Kasemann, Stefan Brueck, Stefan Brueck, Helmut K. Schmidt, Helmut K. Schmidt, Lothar Kador, Lothar Kador, } "Χ(2)-active sol-gel inorganic-organic nanocomposites", Proc. SPIE 2288, Sol-Gel Optics III, (13 October 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.188965; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.188965

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