21 September 1994 Histogram equalization of the saturation component for true-color images using the C-Y color space
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Abstract
Histogram equalization is a well known tool for enhancing the contrast and brightness of grayscale images. Grayscale histogram equalization has been extended to color images with limited success. One common method is to equalize the illumination component, while leaving the saturation and hue components unchanged. This method doesn't improve the overall color saturation of the image. Another approach is to apply equalization techniques in the RGB color space. The difficulty in using the RGB color space is that it does not correspond to human interpretation of color. This paper describes a method for histogram equalization of the saturation component using the color difference (or C-Y) color space. Since equalization of the saturation component alone leads to color artifacts, attention is given to the relationship that exists between saturation and intensity.
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G. Eric Hague, Arthur Robert Weeks, Harley R. Myler, "Histogram equalization of the saturation component for true-color images using the C-Y color space", Proc. SPIE 2298, Applications of Digital Image Processing XVII, (21 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.186535; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.186535
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