This paper describes the use of intelligent image processing as a machine tool operator safety technology. One or more color, linear array cameras are positioned to view the critical region(s) around a machine tool. The image data is processed to provide indicators of an operator danger condition via color content, shape content, and motion content. The data from these analyses is then sent to a threat evaluator. The purpose of the evaluator is to determine if a danger condition exists based on the analyses of color, shape, and motion, and on `knowledge' of the specific environment of the machine tool. The threat evaluator employs fuzzy logic as a means of dealing with uncertainty in the vision data.
Dennis N. Harvey,
"Intelligent image processing for machine operator safety", Proc. SPIE 2298, Applications of Digital Image Processing XVII, (21 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.186540; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.186540