16 September 1994 Adaptive three-dimensional motion-compensated wavelet transform for image sequence coding
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Proceedings Volume 2308, Visual Communications and Image Processing '94; (1994) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.185895
Event: Visual Communications and Image Processing '94, 1994, Chicago, IL, United States
Abstract
This paper describes a 3D spatio-temporal coding algorithm for the bit-rate compression of digital-image sequences. The coding scheme is based on different specificities namely, a motion representation with a four-parameter affine model, a motion-adapted temporal wavelet decomposition along the motion trajectories and a signal-adapted spatial wavelet transform. The motion estimation is performed on the basis of four-parameter affine transformation models also called similitude. This transformation takes into account translations, rotations and scalings. The temporal wavelet filter bank exploits bi-orthogonal linear-phase dyadic decompositions. The 2D spatial decomposition is based on dyadic signal-adaptive filter banks with either para-unitary or bi-orthogonal bases. The adaptive filtering is carried out according to a performance criterion to be optimized under constraints in order to eventually maximize the compression ratio at the expense of graceful degradations of the subjective image quality. The major principles of the present technique is, in the analysis process, to extract and to separate the motion contained in the sequences from the spatio-temporal redundancy and, in the compression process, to take into account of the rate-distortion function on the basis of the spatio-temporal psycho-visual properties to achieve the most graceful degradations. To complete this description of the coding scheme, the compression procedure is therefore composed of scalar quantizers which exploit the spatio-temporal 3D psycho-visual properties of the Human Visual System and of entropy coders which finalize the bit rate compression.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jean-Pierre Leduc, Jean-Pierre Leduc, } "Adaptive three-dimensional motion-compensated wavelet transform for image sequence coding", Proc. SPIE 2308, Visual Communications and Image Processing '94, (16 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185895; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.185895
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