4 January 1995 Laser-induced fluorescence in the detection of esophageal carcinoma
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Proceedings Volume 2324, Optical Biopsy and Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Imaging; (1995) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.198731
Event: International Symposium on Biomedical Optics Europe '94, 1994, Lille, France
Laser induced fluorescence (LIF) is a technique which can perform an 'optical biopsy' of gastrointestinal mucosa. LIF was performed in resected specimens using a pulsed N2-laser coupled fiberoptically to a probe. Fluorescence was measured using a 0.2 meter spectroscope with an intensified photodiode array. Measurements were made on fresh (<30 minutes after resection) esophageal specimens containing normal mucosa, Barrett's esophagus, and adenocarcinoma. Each tissue section was examined using an optical probe consisting of a central fiber for delivering the excitation energy and a 6 fiber bundle surrounding the central fiber for detection of the fluorescence. An excitation wavelength of 337 nm was used which generated 3-ns pulses while fluorescence intensities were acquired from 300-800 nm. Spectra were obtained from each section in a standardized fashion and background spectra subtracted. Fluorescence readings were taken from 54 normal esophageal sections and 32 sections of adenocarcinoma. A fluorescence index obtained from the tumor sections was 0.68+/- 0.01 compared with 0.51+/- 0.01 for the normal sections (p<0.001). Using a discriminant value of 0.65, this technique had a sensitivity of 81% and a specificity of 100% for detection of malignant tissue. The positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value was 90% for an overall accuracy of 93%. LIF is a promising technique which has the capability of distinguishing normal versus malignant tissue in the esophagus with good accuracy.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenneth K. Wang, Kenneth K. Wang, Kumar Gutta, Kumar Gutta, Mark A. Laukka, Mark A. Laukka, John Densmore, John Densmore, } "Laser-induced fluorescence in the detection of esophageal carcinoma", Proc. SPIE 2324, Optical Biopsy and Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Imaging, (4 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.198731; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.198731

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