30 November 1994 Moire and grid methods: a signal-processing approach
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Proceedings Volume 2342, Interferometry '94: Photomechanics; (1994) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.195491
Event: International Conference on Interferometry '94, 1994, Warsaw, Poland
This presentation is a formulation of moire and grid methods with the vocabulary of signal processing. It addresses basically the case of in-plane geometrical moire, but, as is well known, any geometrical moire setup can be related to in-plane moire. We show that the moire phenomenon is not a measurement method by itself, but only a step in a process of information transmission by spatial frequency modulation. The distortion of a grid bonded onto the surface of a loaded specimen or structure will cause locally a modulation (Delta) F of the spatial frequency vector F of the grid. The modulation (Delta) F is linearly related to the strain and rotation tensors. An equivalent point of view is to consider the same phenomenon as a phase modulation, caused by the inverse displacements. In this approach, moire is presented merely as an analog means of frequency substraction. The interpretation of the classical fringe processing techniques -- temporal and spatial phase shifting, Fourier transform method -- is made, and some consequences of the zoom-in effect induced by the moire phenomenon are given.
© (1994) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yves Surrel "Moire and grid methods: a signal-processing approach", Proc. SPIE 2342, Interferometry '94: Photomechanics, (30 November 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.195491; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.195491

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