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22 May 1995 Fluorescence measurement of diode (805 nm) laser-induced release of 5,6-CF from DSPC liposomes for monitoring of temperature: an in vivo study in rat liver using indocyanine green potentiation
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Abstract
This in-vivo study examines the validity of fluorescence measurement of laser-induced release of temperature sensitive liposome-encapsulated dye for monitoring of temperature and prediction of tissue thermal damage. It is performed in rat liver after i.v. injection of liposomes loaded with a fluorescent dye and i.v. injection of Indocyanine Green (ICG) for diode laser potentiation. Temperature sensitive liposomes (DSPC: Di- Stearoyl-Phosphatidyl-Choline) are loaded with 5,6-Carboxyfluorescein (5,6-CF). These liposomes (1.5 ml solution) and ICG (1.5 ml solution-5 mg/kg) are injected to adult male wistar rats. Two hours later, the liver is exposed and irradiated with a 0.8 W diode laser using pulses lasting from 1 s to 6 s (fluence ranging from 16 to 98 J/cm+2)). Simultaneously, the fluorescence emission is measured with a fluorescent imaging system. Results show that the fluorescence intensity increases linearly form 18 J/cm2 up to 75 J/cm2. These fluences correspond to surface temperatures between 42°C to 64°C. The measurements appear to be highly reproducible. In this temperature range, the accuracy is +/- 3°C. The maximum intensity is observed immediately after the laser is switched off and a decrease of the fluorescence intensity is observed (27% in 20 minutes) due to the 5.6-CF clearance. However, the ratio (IF/Ibck) remains almost stable over this period of time and the determination of the temperature is still possible with a good accuracy even 20 minutes after laser irradiation. In conclusion, temperature monitoring by using fluorescence measurement of laser-induced release of liposome-encapsulated dye is clearly demonstrated. This procedure could conceivably prove useful for controlling the thermal coagulation of biological tissues.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Serge R. Mordon, Thomas Desmettre, Jean-Marie Devoisselle, and Sylvie Soulie-Begu "Fluorescence measurement of diode (805 nm) laser-induced release of 5,6-CF from DSPC liposomes for monitoring of temperature: an in vivo study in rat liver using indocyanine green potentiation", Proc. SPIE 2391, Laser-Tissue Interaction VI, (22 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209916; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.209916
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