The subcellular localization of endogenous protoporphyrin (endo- PP) during photosensitization in B-16 melanoma cells was analyzed by a novel spectral imaging system, the SpectraCube 1000. The melanoma cells were incubated with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), and then the fluorescence of endo-PP was recorded in individual living cells by three modes: conventional fluorescence imaging, multipixel point by point fluorescence spectroscopy, and image processing, by operating a function of spectral similarity mapping and reconstructing new images derived from spectral information. The fluorescence image of ALA-treated cells revealed vesicular distribution of endo-PP all over the cytosol, with mitochondrial, lysosomal, as well as endoplasmic reticulum cisternael accumulation. Two main spectral fluorescence peaks were demonstrated at 635 and 705 nm, with intensities that differed from one subcellular site to another. Photoirradiation of the cells included point-specific subcellular fluorescence spectrum changes and demonstrated photoproduct formation. Spectral image reconstruction revealed the local distribution of a chosen spectrum in the photosensitized cells. On the other hand, B 16 cells treated with exogenous protoporphyrin (exo-PP) showed a dominant fluorescence peak at 670 nm and a minor peak at 630 nm. Fluorescence was localized at a perinuclear=Golgi region. Light exposure induced photobleaching and photoproduct-spectral changes followed by relocalization. The new localization at subcellular compartments showed pH dependent spectral shifts and photoproduct formation on a subcellular level.