22 May 1995 Intraocular applications of the Ho:YAG laser
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Abstract
Despite advances in mechanical vitrectomy, cutting dense membranes and fibrovascular strands remains a technical challenge. Widespread acceptance of carbon dioxide and Er:YAG lasers, which cutting potential and coagulative properties were highly evaluated by experimentators, now is limited because of insufficiently convenient fiberoptic delivery systems. We investigated the use of Ho:YAG laser emitting at 2.09 micrometers to cut experimental vitreous membranes in rabbits. Radiation at 2.09 micrometers is enough strongly absorbed by water (absorption length 385 micrometers ) and can be transmitted through silica fiberoptic delivery system practically without attenuation. At first, the dependence of retinal damage thresholds and wet field thermal effects from distance `endolaser tip--target', energy, pulse rates and number of pulses were determined. With the help of multiple regression analysis models of these processes were constructed. Coagulative and cutting properties of holmium endolaser were assessed on the created transvitreal membranes. Optimal parameters for cutting and coagulation were determined. Based on own experimental studies we also used Ho:YAG endolaser in vitrectomies for diabetes and traumas. The advantages and disadvantages of the 2.09 micrometers infrared wavelength of holmium laser photoincision and photocoagulation in vitreous are discussed.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ernest V. Boiko, Ernest V. Boiko, Vladimir F. Danilichev, Vladimir F. Danilichev, Michael M. Shishkin, Michael M. Shishkin, Yuri D. Berezin, Yuri D. Berezin, Nicolay N. Smirnov, Nicolay N. Smirnov, Victor V. Lazo, Victor V. Lazo, } "Intraocular applications of the Ho:YAG laser", Proc. SPIE 2393, Ophthalmic Technologies V, (22 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209861; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.209861
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