12 May 1995 New surgical three-dimensional visualization system
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The major drawback in laparoscopic and endoscopic surgery is the loss of true 3D perception that is present in conventional surgery. An explosion in the number of minimally invasive surgical procedures highlights the need for improvement in visualization. Several manufacturers are working to develop monitor-based or head-mounted display for 3D visualization for minimally invasive surgery by combining emerging 3D endoscopes with visual immersion and head-mounted 3D stereo displays. One of them, Vista Medical Technologies, Inc., has developed a personal surgical monitor that offers a true 3D viewing when used with a 3D endoscope or a binocular viewing when used with a regular endoscope. This paper discusses advantages and shortcomings of this system on a background of emerging 3D endosurgical technology.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michail M. Pankratov, Michail M. Pankratov, } "New surgical three-dimensional visualization system", Proc. SPIE 2395, Lasers in Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems V, (12 May 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.209095; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.209095

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