24 April 1995 Characterization of semiconductor device structures using contactless electromodulation
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This paper reviews some recent developments in the use of the contactless, and hence nondestructive, electromodulation methods of photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance for the room temperature characterization and qualification of semiconductor device structures. These include heterojunction bipolar transistors, pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistors, depletion and enhancement mode transistors, quantum well lasers, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, multiple quantum well infrared detectors and solar cells.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Fred H. Pollak, Fred H. Pollak, Wojciech Krystek, Wojciech Krystek, M. Leibovitch, M. Leibovitch, S. Moneger, S. Moneger, Hao Qiang, Hao Qiang, Dong Yan, Dong Yan, } "Characterization of semiconductor device structures using contactless electromodulation", Proc. SPIE 2397, Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Materials, Physics, and Devices, (24 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.206858; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.206858

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