23 March 1995 Reduced switching delay in wavelength-division-multiplexed 2D multiple-plane optical interconnections using multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays
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Proceedings Volume 2402, Components for Wavelength Division Multiplexing; (1995); doi: 10.1117/12.205279
Event: Photonics West '95, 1995, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
We calculate the expected number of internodal hops for a network established with a wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) 2-D multiple-plane optical interconnection. This WDM optical interconnection incorporates WDM pixels consisting of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays and wavelength-selective detectors. The WDM interconnection can support simultaneous and reconfigurable communication among a network of nodes. Using the expected number of hops as a measure of internodal switching delay, we show that the integration of WDM into the interconnection results in a significantly reduced delay as compared to single-wavelength systems. Substantial delay reduction results even when the number of wavelengths is small relative to the number of 2-D planes. We analyze the bus, dual-bus, and ring architectures since they define the means of communication between pixels. For each architecture, we analyze three configurations which provide each node access to: (1) an entire plane of pixels, (2) a row (or column) of pixels, or (3) an individual pixel. When each network node has access to an entire plane of pixels, the proposed WDM interconnection incurs substantially shorter delay than single-wavelength optical solutions. By allowing a node to access an entire row or column of pixels, the interconnection benefits from the incorporation of spatial-division-multiplexing (SDM) and the number of interconnections can grow substantially with negligible added delay. Finally, when a node can access only a single pixel, a large number of independent processors can be interconnected exhibiting far less switching delay than other electronic or optical interconnections of comparable size.
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Alan Eli Willner, James E. Leight, "Reduced switching delay in wavelength-division-multiplexed 2D multiple-plane optical interconnections using multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) arrays", Proc. SPIE 2402, Components for Wavelength Division Multiplexing, (23 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.205279; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.205279
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KEYWORDS
Wavelength division multiplexing

Optical interconnects

Switching

Sensors

Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

Network architectures

Signal detection

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