Translator Disclaimer
30 March 1995 Embedding the 2D interaction metaphor in a real 3D virtual environment
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 2409, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems II; (1995)
Event: IS&T/SPIE's Symposium on Electronic Imaging: Science and Technology, 1995, San Jose, CA, United States
Recent advances in both rendering algorithms and hardware has brought virtual reality to the threshold of being able to model realistically complex environments, e.g., the mockup of a large structure. As impressive as these advances have been there is still little that a user can do within a VR system other than look--and react. If VR is to be usable in a design setting users will need to be able to interact, to control and modify their virtual environments using virtual tools inside that environment. In this paper we describe a realistic virtual computer/personal digital assistant that we have built. To the user this virtual computer appears as a hand held flat panel display. Input can be provided to this virtual computer using a virtual finger or stylus to `touch' the screen. We migrate applications developed for a flat screen environment into the virtual environment without modifying the application code. A major strength of this approach is that we meld the naturally 3D interaction metaphor of a hand held virtual tool with the software support provided by some 2D user interface toolkits. Our approach has provided us great flexibility in both designing and implementing user interface components for VR environments, and it has enabled us to represent the familiar flat screen human computer interaction metaphor within the VR context. We will describe some applications which made use of our capability.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ian G. Angus and Henry A. Sowizral "Embedding the 2D interaction metaphor in a real 3D virtual environment", Proc. SPIE 2409, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems II, (30 March 1995);


Evaluation of navigation interfaces in virtual environments
Proceedings of SPIE (February 28 2014)
Immersive haptic interaction with media
Proceedings of SPIE (July 14 2010)
Collaborative virtual reality for command and control
Proceedings of SPIE (February 18 1997)
Is haptic watermarking worth it?
Proceedings of SPIE (February 09 2006)
Museum of Pure Form: preliminary considerations
Proceedings of SPIE (March 02 2001)
Virtual hand: a 3D tactile interface to virtual environments
Proceedings of SPIE (February 14 2008)

Back to Top