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10 April 1995 Intelligent CMOS imaging
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Proceedings Volume 2415, Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors V; (1995)
Event: IS&T/SPIE's Symposium on Electronic Imaging: Science and Technology, 1995, San Jose, CA, United States
We report on the integration of computational and control functions with image sensor arrays using commodity CMOS processes. The sensors are highly efficient, high density arrays of photo-diodes, with a minimal overhead of one transistor per pixel. We report production arrays of up to 786 X 576 pixels of 10.5 micrometers pitch in 0.8 micrometers double metal single poly CMOS. We also report techniques presently in development to achieve 7.5 micrometers pitch in the same technology. These sensors are fully self-contained with regard to drive and sense electronics. Typical off-chip needs are limited to a clock crystal, supply regulator and some decoupling capacitors. `Intelligence' is provided in the form of analogue and digital functions integrated on the same chip as the sensors. Such functions can include 8- bit ADC, on-chip exposure control and computational functions to achieve color restoration. Integration of these parts allows us to construct a single chip color camera. Results from a proto-type color CMOS camera system are given. Successful realization of these functions leads to order of magnitude reductions in system cost, size and power-consumption when compared to the CCD alternative.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Peter B. Denyer, David Renshaw, and Stewart Smith "Intelligent CMOS imaging", Proc. SPIE 2415, Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors V, (10 April 1995);


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