3 March 1995 Use of zerotree coding in a high-speed pyramid image multiresolution decomposition
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Abstract
A Zerotree (ZT) coding scheme is applied as a post-processing stage to avoid transmitting zero data in the High-Speed Pyramid (HSP) image compression algorithm. This algorithm has features that increase the capability of the ZT coding to give very high compression rates. In this paper the impact of the ZT coding scheme is analyzed and quantified. The HSP algorithm creates a discrete-time multiresolution analysis based on a hierarchical decomposition technique that is a subsampling pyramid. The filters used to create the image residues and expansions can be related to wavelet representations. According to the pixel coordinates and the level in the pyramid, N2 different wavelet basis functions of various sizes and rotations are linearly combined. The HSP algorithm is computationally efficient because of the simplicity of the required operations, and as a consequence, it can be very easily implemented with VLSI hardware. This is the HSP's principal advantage over other compression schemes. The ZT coding technique transforms the different quantized image residual levels created by the HSP algorithm into a bit stream. The use of ZT's compresses even further the already compressed image taking advantage of parent-child relationships (trees) between the pixels of the residue images at different levels of the pyramid. Zerotree coding uses the links between zeros along the hierarchical structure of the pyramid, to avoid transmission of those that form branches of all zeros. Compression performance and algorithm complexity of the combined HSP-ZT method are compared with those of the JPEG standard technique.
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Javier Vega-Pineda, Javier Vega-Pineda, Sergio D. Cabrera, Sergio D. Cabrera, Aldo Lucero, Aldo Lucero, } "Use of zerotree coding in a high-speed pyramid image multiresolution decomposition", Proc. SPIE 2418, Still-Image Compression, (3 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.204123; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.204123
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