17 April 1995 Scene change detection and content-based sampling of video sequences
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Abstract
Digital images and image sequences (video) are a significant component of multimedia information systems, and by far the most demanding in terms of storage and transmission requirements. Content-based temporal sampling of video frames is proposed as an efficient method for representing the visual information contained in the video sequence by using only a small subset of the video frames. This involves the identification and retention of frames at which the contents of the scene is `significantly' different from the previously retained frames. It is argued that the criteria used to measure the significance of a change in the contents of the video frames are subjective, and performing the task of content-based sampling of image sequences, in general, requires a high level of image understanding. However, a significant subset of the points at which the contextual information in the video frames change significantly can be detected by a `scene change detection' method. The definition of a scene change is generalized to include not only the abrupt transitions between shots, but also gradual transitions between shots resulting from video editing modes, and inter-shot changes induced by camera operations. A method for detecting abrupt and gradual scene changes is discussed. The criteria for detecting camera-induced scene changes from camera operations are proposed. Scene matching is proposed as a means of achieving further reductions in the storage and transmission requirements.
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Behzad Shahraray, Behzad Shahraray, "Scene change detection and content-based sampling of video sequences", Proc. SPIE 2419, Digital Video Compression: Algorithms and Technologies 1995, (17 April 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.206348; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.206348
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