27 March 1995 Automatic casting surface defect recognition and classification
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High integrity castings require surfaces free from defects to reduce, if not eliminate, vulnerability to component failure from such as physical or thermal fatigue or corrosion attack. Previous studies have shown that defects on casting surfaces can be optically enhanced from the surrounding randomly textured surface by liquid penetrants, magnetic particle and other methods. However, very little has been reported on recognition and classification of the defects. The basic problem is one of shape recognition and classification, where the shape can vary in size and orientation as well as in actual shape generally within an envelope that classifies it as a particular defect. The initial work done towards this has focused on recognizing and classifying standard shapes such as the circle, square, rectangle and triangle. Various approaches were tried and this led eventually to a series of fuzzy logic based algorithms from which very good results were obtained. From this work fuzzy logic memberships were generated for the detection of defects found on casting surfaces. Simulated model shapes of such as the quench crack, mechanical crack and hole have been used to test the generated algorithm and the results for recognition and classification are very encouraging.
© (1995) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Boon Kwei Wong, M. Paul Elliot, and C. W. Rapley "Automatic casting surface defect recognition and classification", Proc. SPIE 2423, Machine Vision Applications in Industrial Inspection III, (27 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.205515; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.205515

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