The operational principle of a new, patented digital radiographic system using a multi-layer structure consisting of a thin-film pixel array, selenium x-ray photoconductor, dielectric layer and top electrode is described. Under an applied electric field, a diagnostic x-ray signal is obtained by the direct conversion of x-ray energy to electron-hole pairs which are collected as electrical charges by individual storage capacitor associated with each pixel element. The electronic readout sequence is initiated immediately after the x-ray exposure, and in several seconds, the image data is available for display on a video monitor, for data storage, data transmission, and hard copy generation. Signal strength of this direct conversion method is estimated to be significantly higher than that of other indirect conversion methods where light is first generated using a scintillator or phosphor and then detected by charge-coupled devices (CCDs) or thin-film-transistor (TFT) arrays in conjunction with photodiodes. In addition, since charges generated by x-ray photons move mostly along the direction of the bias electric field, images of very high spatial resolution can be obtained. The resolution limits are principally defined by the smallest pixel that can be manufactured. Recent x-ray images obtained from experimental detector panels are presented. X-ray sensitivity, dynamic range, signal-to-noise ratio, and spatial resolution are discussed.